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Title:How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis
Format Type:Ebook
Author:
Publisher:University Of Chicago Press
ISBN:0226321428
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:296
Category:Non fiction, Theory, Technology, Philosophy, Literary criticism, Internet, Contemporary, Science

How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis by N. Katherine Hayles

PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis How i do i we think N Katherine Hayles poses this question at the beginning of this bracing exploration of the idea that we think through with and alongside media As the age of print passes and new technologies appear every day this proposition has become far more complicated particularly for the traditionally print based disciplines in the humanities and qualitative social sciences With a rift growing between digital scholarship and its print based counterpart Hayles argues for contemporary technogenesis the belief that humans and technics are coevolving and advocates for what she calls comparative media studies a new approach to locating digital work within print traditions and vice versa .

Hayles examines the evolution of the field from the traditional humanities and how the digital humanities are changing academic scholarship research teaching and publication She goes on to depict the neurological consequences of working in digital media where skimming and scanning or hyper reading and analysis through machine algorithms are forms of reading as valid as close reading once was Hayles contends that we must recognize all three types of reading and understand the limitations and possibilities of each In addition to illustrating what a comparative media perspective entails Hayles explores the technogenesis spiral in its full complexity She considers the effects of early databases such as telegraph code books and confronts our changing perceptions of time and space in the digital age illustrating this through three innovative digital productions Steve Tomasula s electronic novel i TOC i Steven Hall s i The Raw Shark Texts i and Mark Z Danielewski s i Only Revolutions i Deepening our understanding of the extraordinary transformative powers digital technologies have placed in the hands of humanists i How We Think i presents a cogent rationale for tackling the challenges facing the humanities today

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Chaos Bound: Orderly Disorder in Contemporary Literature and Science, Electronic Literature: New Horizons for the Literary, The Cosmic Web: Scientific Field Models and Literary Strategies in the 20th Century, Writing Machines, Chaos and Order: Complex Dynamics in Literature and Science, Comparative Textual Media: Transforming the Humanities in the Postprint Era, My Mother Was a Computer: Digital Subjects and Literary Texts, How We Became Posthuman: Virtual Bodies in Cybernetics, Literature, and Informatics, How We Think: Digital Media and Contemporary Technogenesis, Unthought: The Power of the Cognitive Nonconscious
The scientific discovery that chaotic systems embody deep structures of order is one of such wide ranging implications that it has attracted attention across a spectrum of disciplines including the humanities In this volume fourteen theorists explore the significance for literary and cultural studies of the new paradigm of chaotics forging connections between contemporary literature and the science of chaos They examine how changing ideas of order and disorder enable new readings of scientific and literary texts from Newton s Principia to Ruskin s autobiography from Victorian serial fiction to Borges s short stories br br N Katherine Hayles traces shifts in meaning that chaos has undergone within the Western tradition suggesting that the science of chaos articulates categories that cannot be assimilated into the traditional dichotomy of order and disorder She and her contributors take the relation between order and disorder as a theme and develop its implications for understanding texts metaphors metafiction audience response and the process of interpretation itself Their innovative and diverse work opens the interdisciplinary field of chaotics to literary inquiry, In this age of DNA computers and artificial intelligence information is becoming disembodied even as the bodies that once carried it vanish into virtuality While some marvel at these changes envisioning consciousness downloaded into a computer or humans beamed i Star Trek i style others view them with horror seeing monsters brooding in the machines In i How We Became Posthuman i N Katherine Hayles separates hype from fact investigating the fate of embodiment in an information age br br Hayles relates three interwoven stories how information lost its body that is how it came to be conceptualized as an entity separate from the material forms that carry it the cultural and technological construction of the cyborg and the dismantling of the liberal humanist subject in cybernetic discourse along with the emergence of the posthuman br br Ranging widely across the history of technology cultural studies and literary criticism Hayles shows what had to be erased forgotten and elided to conceive of information as a disembodied entity Thus she moves from the post World War II Macy Conferences on cybernetics to the novel i Limbo i by cybernetics aficionado Bernard Wolfe from the concept of self making to Philip K Dick s literary explorations of hallucination and reality and from artificial life to postmodern novels exploring the implications of seeing humans as cybernetic systems br br Although becoming posthuman can be nightmarish Hayles shows how it can also be liberating From the birth of cybernetics to artificial life i How We Became Posthuman i provides an indispensable account of how we arrived in our virtual age and of where we might go from here br, At the same time that the study of nonlinear dynamics came into its own in the sciences the focus of literary studies shifted toward local fragmentary modes of analysis in which texts were no longer regarded as deterministic or predictable br N br Katherine br Hayles br here br investigates br parallels br between br contemporary br litera br ture br and br critical br theory br and br the br emerging br interdisciplinary br field br known br as br the br science br of br chaos br She br finds br in br both br scientific br and br literary br discourse br new br interpre br tations br of br chaos br which br is br seen br no br longer br as br disorder br but br as br a br locus br of br maximum br information br and br complexity br The br new br paradigm br of br chaos br includes br elements br that br Hayles br shows br were br evident br in br literary br theory br and br literature br before br they br became br prominent br in br the br sciences br She br asserts br that br such br similarities br between br the br natural br and br human br sciences br are br the br result br not br of br direct br influence br but br of br roots br in br a br common br cultural br matrix br Hayles br traces br the br evolution br of br the br concept br of br chaos br and br evaluates br the br work br of br such br theorists br as br Prigogine br Feigenbaum br and br Mandelbrot br for br whom br chaos br entails br an br unpredictably br open br universe br in br which br knowledge br is br limited br to br local br sites br and br scientific br models br can br never br exhaust br the br possibilities br of br the br actual br But br this br view br does br not br imply br that br scientists br have br given br up br the br search br for br global br ex br planations br of br natural br phenomena br for br chaos br is br conceived br of br as br containing br its br own br form br of br order br Hayles br envisions br chaos br as br a br double edged br sword br it br can br be br viewed br either br as br a br recognition br that br disorder br plays br a br more br important br role br in br natural br processes br than br had br hitherto br been br recognized br or br as br an br extension br of br order br into br areas br that br had br hitherto br resisted br formalization br She br examines br structures br and br themes br of br disorder br in br The br Education br of br Henry Adams br Doris br Lessing s br Golden br Notebook br and br works br by br Stanislaw br Lem br Hayles br concludes br by br showing br how br the br writings br of br poststmcturalist br theorists br incorporate br central br features br of br chaos br theory such br as br an br interest br in br relating br local br sites br to br global br stmctures br a br conception br of br order br and br disorder br as br interpenetrating br rather br than br opposed br an br awareness br that br in br complex br systems br small br causes br can br lead br to br massive br effects br and br an br understanding br that br complex br systems br can br be br both br deterministic br and br unpredictable br Chaos br Bound br will br contribute br to br and br enliven br current br debates br among br chaos br theorists br cultural br critics br and br cultural br historians br critical br theorists br literary br critics br interested br in br nineteenth br and br twentieth century br literature br researchers br in br nonlinear br dynamics br and br others br concerned br with br the br relation br between br science br and br culture, br For the past few hundred years Western cultures have relied on print When writing was accomplished by a quill pen inkpot and paper it was easy to imagine that writing was nothing more than a means by which writers could transfer their thoughts to readers The proliferation of technical media in the latter half of the twentieth century has revealed that the relationship between writer and reader is not so simple From telegraphs and typewriters to wire recorders and a sweeping array of digital computing devices the complexities of communications technology have made mediality a central concern of the twenty first century br br br Despite the attention given to the development of the media landscape relatively little is being done in our academic institutions to adjust In i Comparative Textual Media i editors N Katherine Hayles and Jessica Pressman bring together an impressive range of essays from leading scholars to address the issue among them Matthew Kirschenbaum on archiving in the digital era Patricia Crain on the connection between a child s formation of self and the possession of a book and Mark Marino exploring how to read a digital text not for content but for traces of its underlying code br br br Primarily arguing for seeing print as a medium along with the scroll electronic literature and computer games this volume examines the potential transformations if academic departments embraced a media framework Ultimately i Comparative Textual Media i offers new insights that allow us to understand more deeply the implications of the choices we and our institutions are making br br br Contributors Stephanie Boluk Vassar College Jessica Brantley Yale U Patricia Crain NYU Adriana de Souza e Silva North Carolina State U Johanna Drucker UCLA Thomas Fulton Rutgers U Lisa Gitelman New York U William A Johnson Duke U Matthew G Kirschenbaum U of Maryland Patrick LeMieux Mark C Marino U of Southern California Rita Raley U of California Santa Barbara John David Zuern U of Hawai i at M noa br br br