eBook PDF / e-Pub Power, Sex, Suicide: Mitochondria and the Meaning of Life

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Title:Power, Sex, Suicide: Mitochondria and the Meaning of Life
Format Type:Ebook
Author:
Publisher:Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN:0199205647
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:354
Category:Science, Non fiction, Biology, Evolution, Genetics

Power, Sex, Suicide: Mitochondria and the Meaning of Life by Nick Lane

PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Power, Sex, Suicide: Mitochondria and the Meaning of Life If it weren t for mitochondria scientists argue we d all still be single celled bacteria Indeed these tiny structures inside our cells are important beyond imagining Without mitochondria we would have no cell suicide no sculpting of embryonic shape no sexes no menopause no aging .

In this fascinating and thought provoking book Nick Lane brings together the latest research in this exciting field to show how our growing insight into mitochondria has shed light on how complex life evolved why sex arose why don t we just bud and why we age and die These findings are of fundamental importance both in understanding life on Earth but also in controlling our own illnesses and delaying our degeneration and death Readers learn that two billion years ago mitochondria were probably bacteria living independent lives and that their capture within larger cells was a turning point in the evolution of life enabling the development of complex organisms .

Lane describes how mitochondria have their own DNA and that its genes mutate much faster than those in the nucleus This high mutation rate lies behind our aging and certain congenital diseases The latest research suggests that mitochondria play a key role in degenerative diseases such as cancer We also discover that mitochondrial DNA is passed down almost exclusively via the female line That s why it has been used by some researchers to trace human ancestry daughter to mother to Mitochondrial Eve giving us vital information about our evolutionary history .

Written by Nick Lane a rising star in popular science b Power Sex Suicide b is the first book for general readers on the nature and function of these tiny yet fascinating structures

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Life Ascending: The Ten Great Inventions of Evolution, Oxygen: The Molecule That Made the World, Life in the Frozen State, The Vital Question: Energy, Evolution, and the Origins of Complex Life, Origins of Life. How Life Began. Abiogenesis, Astrobiology, Power, Sex, Suicide: Mitochondria and the Meaning of Life
If it weren t for mitochondria scientists argue we d all still be single celled bacteria Indeed these tiny structures inside our cells are important beyond imagining Without mitochondria we would have no cell suicide no sculpting of embryonic shape no sexes no menopause no aging br br In this fascinating and thought provoking book Nick Lane brings together the latest research in this exciting field to show how our growing insight into mitochondria has shed light on how complex life evolved why sex arose why don t we just bud and why we age and die These findings are of fundamental importance both in understanding life on Earth but also in controlling our own illnesses and delaying our degeneration and death Readers learn that two billion years ago mitochondria were probably bacteria living independent lives and that their capture within larger cells was a turning point in the evolution of life enabling the development of complex organisms br br Lane describes how mitochondria have their own DNA and that its genes mutate much faster than those in the nucleus This high mutation rate lies behind our aging and certain congenital diseases The latest research suggests that mitochondria play a key role in degenerative diseases such as cancer We also discover that mitochondrial DNA is passed down almost exclusively via the female line That s why it has been used by some researchers to trace human ancestry daughter to mother to Mitochondrial Eve giving us vital information about our evolutionary history br br Written by Nick Lane a rising star in popular science b Power Sex Suicide b is the first book for general readers on the nature and function of these tiny yet fascinating structures, The Earth teems with life in its oceans forests skies and cities Yet there s a black hole at the heart of biology We do not know why complex life is the way it is or for that matter how life first began In em The Vital Question em award winning author and biochemist Nick Lane radically reframes evolutionary history putting forward a solution to conundrums that have puzzled generations of scientists br br For two and a half billion years from the very origins of life single celled organisms such as bacteria evolved without changing their basic form Then on just one occasion in four billion years they made the jump to complexity All complex life from mushrooms to man shares puzzling features such as sex which are unknown in bacteria How and why did this radical transformation happen br br The answer Lane argues lies in energy all life on Earth lives off a voltage with the strength of a lightning bolt Building on the pillars of evolutionary theory Lane s hypothesis draws on cutting edge research into the link between energy and cell biology in order to deliver a compelling account of evolution from the very origins of life to the emergence of multicellular organisms while offering deep insights into our own lives and deaths br br Both rigorous and enchanting em The Vital Question em provides a solution to life s vital question why are we as we are and indeed why are we here at all, In Oxygen Nick Lane takes the reader on an enthralling journey as he unravels the unexpected ways in which oxygen spurred the evolution of life and death He shows how oxygen underpins the origin of biological complexity the birth of photosynthesis the sudden evolution of animals the need for two sexes the accelerated aging of cloned animals like Dolly the sheep and the surprisingly long lives of bats and birds Drawing on this grand evolutionary canvas Oxygen offers fresh perspectives on our own lives and deaths explaining modern killer diseases why we age and what we can do about it Advancing revelatory new ideas following chains of evidence the book ranges through many disciplines from environmental sciences to molecular medicine The result is a captivating vision of contemporary science and a humane synthesis of our place in nature This remarkable book will redefine the way we think about the world, How Did Life Begin There are two scientific views on the origins of life Earthly Abiogenesis which argues life on Earth began on Earth and Extraterrestrial Abiogenesis the position of which is life has an ancestry which predates the origins of Earth and is pervasive throughout the cosmos Thus both theories embrace abiogenesis and both argue that life may have begun on innumerable planets via the same mechanisms In this ground breaking revolutionary text over top scientists from around the world explain how life began and if there is life on other worlds in over paradigm busting chapters PART I Earthly Abiogenesis amp the Origins of Life Why Does Life Start What Does It Do Where Will It Be And How Might We Find It Michael J Russell Ph D and Isik Kanik Ph D Just Like the Universe the Emergence of Life had High Enthalpy and Low Entropy Beginnings Wolfgang Nitschke Ph D and Michael J Russell Ph D Polyphosphate Peptide Synergy and the Organic Takeover at the Emergence of Life E James Milner White Ph D and Michael J Russell Ph D The Alkaline World and the Origin of Life Anthony Richard Mellersh Ph D and Paul Michael Smith Amino Acid Homochirality and the RNA World Necessities for Life on Earth Koji Tamura Ph D The RNA World and the Origin of Life An Ancient Protein Fold Links Metal Based Gas Reactions with the RNA World Anne Volbeda Ph D Yvain Nicolet Ph D and Juan C Fontecilla Camps Ph D Evolutionary Steps to the Origin of Life on Earth Andrew J Pratt D Phil Vesicles First and the Origin of Self Reproductive Life Metabolic Energy Replication and Catalysis Arthur L Koch Ph D Chance or Necessity Bioenergetics and the Probability of Life Nick Lane Ph D Disequilibrium First The Origin of Life Christof B Mast Ph D Natan Osterman Ph D and Dieter Braun Ph D Life s Origins Potential for Radical Mediated Cyanide Production on the Early Earth Shawn E McGlynn Ph D Trevor E Beard Joan B Broderick Ph D and John W Peters Ph D The Emergence of Life Thermodynamics of Chemical Free Energy Generation in Off Axis Hydrothermal Vent Systems amp Consequences for Compartmentalization amp Life s Origins Eugenio Simoncini Ph D Axel Kleidon Ph D Enzo Gallori Ph D How Life Began The Emergence of Sparse Metabolic Networks Shelley D Copley Ph D Eric Smith Ph D and Harold J Morowitz Ph D Redox Homeostasis in the Emergence of Life On the Constant Internal Environment of Nascent Living Cells John F Allen Ph D Reconstruction of the Molecular Origin of Life Edward N Trifonov Ph D How Primordial Cells Assembled Biosynthetic Pathways Marco Fondi Ph D Giovanni Emiliani Ph D Renato Fani Ph D On the Emergence of Pre Genetic Information Ernesto Di Mauro Ph D Implications For An RNA Clay World Interaction Of Cytosine With Clay Minerals A Pucci Ph D et al Viruses and Life Can There Be One Without the Other Matti Jalasvuori Ph D and Jaana K H Bamford Ph D The Origin of Eukaryotes Archae Bacteria Viruses and Horizontal Gene Transfer R Joseph Ph D What Can the Origin of Life on Earth Tell Us About the Cosmos Stephen Freeland Ph D and Gayle K Philip Ph D PART II Extra Terrestrial Abiogenesis Biological Cosmology and the Origins of Life in the Universe R Joseph Ph D Rudolf Schild Ph D First Life in the Oceans of Primordial Planets The Biological Big Bang C H Gibson Ph D N C Wickramasinghe Ph D R E Schild Ph D Genetics Indicates Extra Terrestrial Origins of Life the First Gene R Joseph Ph D Rudolf Schild Ph D N C Wickramasinghe Ph D